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Alfred, New York Current Weather, Weather Forecast, Live Local Radar, Climatology, Wind Chill Calculator and Chart, Winter Weather Terminology and Definitions, Winter Driving Tips and Heat Index Chart

 

Current local weather conditions in the Alfred NY New York area as well as:

National Weather Service Needs a Weather Observer in Alfred, NY

 

The National Weather Service in Buffalo is looking for a dedicated and reliable weather observer in or near Alfred New York. The observer would be a part of the National Weather Service Cooperative Observer Networkor Coop Network. The Coop Network comprises nearly 10,000 volunteer weather observers Nationwide that report high/low temperatures, rainfall, snowfall and snow depth to the National Weather Service on a daily basis. The data from Coop Observers helps scientists to define the long term climate of the United States.


Of the 10,000 Coop Stations across the country, only about a thousand stations have a continuous weather record dating back 80 or more years. Weather observations in Alfred have been taken every day since 1892! We would like to continue the tradition of daily weather observations in Alfred.


The National Weather Service will provide equipment and training to the observer. What we ask for is an observation of high temperature, low temperature, rainfall, snowfall and snow depth at around 7 am every day. If you are interested, please call the National Weather Service in Buffalo at 716-565-0204 or send an email to Dan.Kelly@noaa.gov  Thank you for your time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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 Wind Chill Calculator:
 

Air Temperature  
Wind Speed 

Wind Chill Temperature:
 

 

Note: Windchill Temperature is only defined for temperatures at or below 50 degrees F and wind speeds above 3 mph. Bright sunshine may increase the windchill temperature by 10 to 18 degrees F.

Calculator courtesy Bryan Ruby, National Weather Service, Sioux Falls

 

 

Alfred, NY Monthly Climatology Info

Month Average High Average Low Mean Record High Record Low Average Precip.
Jan 31 F 10 F 21 F 70 F 1950 -25 F 1994 2.20"
Feb 34 F 11 F 22 F 66 F 1976 -35 F 1934 2.00"
Mar 44 F 19 F 32 F 83 F 1998 -16 F 1993 2.69"
April 55 F 28 F 42 F 91 F 1990 5 F 1982 3.11"
May 68 F 39 F 54 F 93 F 1996 18 F 1978 3.49"
June 76 F 48 F 62 F 94 F 1934 27 F 1945 4.60"
July 81 F 52 F 66 F 101 F 1936 35 F 1929 3.67"
Aug 79 F 51 F 65 F 95 F 1944 27 F 1982 3.36"
Sept 71 F 44 F 57 F 94 F 1953 20 F 1991 3.95"
Oct 60 F 33 F 47 F 90 F 1927 13 F 1940 3.28"
Nov 47 F 26 F 36 F 78 F 1950 -10 F 1933 3.20"
Dec 36 F 17 F 26 F 68 F 1998 -21 F 1980 2.67"
Source: NWS/NOAA

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Heat Index

On average, about 175 Americans succumb to the taxing demands of heat every year. Our bodies dissipate heat by varying the rate and depth of blood circulation, by losing water through the skin and sweat glands, and as a last resort, by panting, when blood is heated above 98.6F. Sweating cools the body through evaporation. However, high relative humidity retards evaporation, robbing the body of its ability to cool itself.

When heat gain exceeds the level the body can remove, body temperature begins to rise, and heat related illnesses and disorders may develop.

The Heat Index (HI) is the temperature the body feels when heat and humidity are combined. The chart below shows the HI that corresponds to the actual air temperature and relative humidity. (This chart is based upon shady, light wind conditions. Exposure to direct sunlight can increase the HI by up to 15F.)

Heat Index Chart

Temperature (F) versus Relative Humidity (%)

90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10%
65 65.6 64.7 63.8 62.8 61.9 60.9 60. 59.1 58.1
70 71.6 70.7 69.8 68.8 67.9 66.9 66. 65.1 64.1
75 79.7 76.7 75.8 74.8 73.9 72.9 72. 71.1 70.1
80 88.2 85.9 84.2 82.8 81.6 80.4 79. 77.4 76.1
85 101.4 97. 93.3 90.3 87.7 85.5 83.5 81.6 79.6
90 119.3 112 105.8 100.5 96.1 92.3 89.2 86.5 84.2
95 141.8 131.1 121.7 113.6 106.7 100.9 96.1 92.2 89.2
100 168.7 154. 140.9 129.5 119.6 111.2 104.2 98.7 94.4
105 200 180.7 163.4 148.1 134.7 123.2 113.6 105.8 100.
110 235. 211.2 189.1 169.4 151.9 136.8 124.1 113.7 105.8
115 275.3 245.4 218 193.3 171.3 152.1 135.8 122.3 111.9
120 319.1 283.1 250. 219.9 192.9 169.1 148.7 131.6 118.2


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    HI      Possible Heat Disorder:
80F - 90F     Fatigue possible with prolonged exposure and physical activity.
90F - 105F      Sunstroke, heat cramps and heat exhaustion possible.
105F - 130F   Sunstroke, heat cramps, and heat exhaustion likely, and heat stroke possible.
130F or greater    Heat stroke highly likely with continued exposure.


 

Below is a table comparing Temperature and Dewpoint, with the same disorders possible:

Temperature (Down) versus Dewpoint (across)
50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85
65 62.7 63.8 65.0 66.6        
70 67.8 68.7 69.8 71.1 72.6      
75 73.1 73.9 74.8 75.9 79.2 80.7    
80 79.8 80.6 81.6 82.8 84.4 86.9 90.9  
85 83.5 84.7 86.1 88.0 90.5 94 99 106.6
90 87.9 89.4 91.2 93.6 96.9 101.2 107.2 115.6
95 92.9 94.5 96.7 99.6 103.4 108.4 115.2 124.3
100 98.1 99.9 102.4 105.6 109.8 115.3 122.7 132.3
105 103.4 105.4 108.1 111.6 116.1 122.0 129.7 139.7
110 108.7 110.9 113.8 117.5 122.3 128.4 136.3 146.5


 
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Wind Chill Index Chart & Brochure

 

How cold is it outside? Simply knowing the temperature doesn't tell you enough about the conditions to enable you to dress sensibly for all winter weather. Other factors including wind speed, relative humidity and sunshine play important roles in determining how cold you feel outside. A description of the character of weather known as "coldness" was proposed about 1940 by scientists working in the Antarctic. The "wind chill index" was developed to describe the relative discomfort/danger resulting from the combination of wind and temperature.

 

On November 1, 2001, the National Weather Service began using a new wind chill index. The reason for the change is to improve upon the current index, which is based on the 1945 Siple and Passel Index. During the Fall of 2000, the Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorological Services and Supporting Research (OFCM) formed a special group consisting of several Federal agencies, MSC, the academic research community (Indiana University-Purdue University in Indianapolis (IUPUI), University of Delaware, and University of Missouri), and the International Society of Biometeorology. Their job was to evaluate the existing wind chill formula and make necessary changes to improve upon it. The group is called the Joint Action Group for temperature Indices (JAG/TI) and is chaired by the NWS. Weird name, but very important work. The goal of JAG/TI is to internationally upgrade and standardize the index for temperature extremes (a.k.a. Wind Chill Index). They ultimately reached an agreement on a new wind chill formula. It will make use of the advances in science, technology, and computer modeling to provide a more accurate, understandable, and useful formula for calculating wind chill.

 

Lots of time and energy was put into coming up with the new formula and what it does differently. Specifically, the new wind chill index will use wind speed calculated at the average height (5 feet) of the human body's face instead of 33 feet (the standard anemometer height); be based on a human face model; incorporate modern heat transfer theory (heat loss from the body to its surroundings, during cold and breezy/windy days); lower the calm wind threshold to 3 mph; use a consistent standard for skin tissue resistance; and assume the worst case scenario for solar radiation (clear night sky). In 2002, adjustments for solar radiation (i.e., the impact of sun) for a variety of sky conditions (sunny, partly sunny and cloudy) will be added to the calculation model.

 

Wind chill does not affect your car's antifreeze protection. It will have an impact on how quickly your home's exposed water pipes freeze, but has little impact on whether they would freeze or not. The importance of the wind chill index is as an indicator of how to dress properly for winter weather. In dressing for cold weather an important factor to remember is that entrapped insulating air warmed by body heat is the best protection against the cold. Consequently, wear loose-fitting, lightweight, warm clothing in several layers. Outer garments should be tightly- woven, water-repellant and hooded. Mittens snug at the wrist are better protection than fingered gloves.

 

To use the chart, find the approximate temperature on the top of the chart. Read down until you are opposite the appropriate wind speed. The number which appears at the intersection of the temperature and wind speed is the wind chill index.

 

Note: Wind Chill Temperature is only defined for temperatures at or
below 50 degrees F and wind speeds above 3 mph.

 

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Wind Chill Chart

 

Click here to download and print the NEW NWS

 Wind Chill  Temperature Index brochure in PDF format.

 

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Other Links:

NWS/NOAA

 

* Note: Charts, Data and Logos are courtesy of  the NWS and NOAA

 

 

 

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